Employee gets tears when his leave application on Diwali gets approved

Topbullets.comSuresh has been working in an MNC in Bangalore from last 5 years. He is a Senior Project Manager and leads a team of more than 300 employees. “Working in an MNC is really a tough job”, Suresh said when we approached him. “We need to work at night to match US time zone and use to work on Day to meet Asian clients’. Sometimes we need to come at 12 am and work till 9 am to meet Japanese time zone”. It has been found that they even don’t get holidays on weekend. “Yes, that’s true. We work on Sunday as well because in Nepal it’s a working day on Sunday there.” Suresh told us. Continue reading

FDI in Retail sector India- Group Discussion

Though I have already written an “Essay on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Retail Sector in India”, today I want to point out few important points which supports FDI India. You can find here the essay.
The following topic is one of the top group discussion topics which are trending nowadays. Recently India has witnessed several things which support FDI. I want to speak in favor of FDI. As far as I can understand FDI, it’s the way; an International company will invest money and technology to India. I want to keep few points in support of this.

  • Technology and Innovation: Through FDI, competition will increase in the industry. Hence it will push the competitor to make some innovation. Apart from this, the company which will come to India will also bring technology. Take an example of Wall Mart. If Wall Mart comes in retail sector, though there are few stores of Wall Mart, but not for retail they do wholesale, the competition among Big Bazar, Vishal Mega Mart, Spencer’s will increase and customers will get the ultimate gain.
    I want to give a live example. Flipkart.com is India’s biggest online shopping site. After Amazon’s formal entry to Indian online shopping market, Flipkart.com started to give discount. And one of my friends bought appeals from Allen Sally worth Rs 4400 in just 1100. So that kind of discount is giving away by Flipkart.com. I don’t know it may be just a confidence that Flipkart.com is doing sale for clearance, and I am taking in wrong way. But few days back, a survey has been filled by Flipkart.com and out of 4 questions, one was very interesting. The question was “Why do you not like to buy from Flipkart.com” and appropriate reason was there “High Price”. So now Flipkart.com has got competitor, they have reduced their prices.
    Though Amazon has not been allowed for FDI, they are selling the products only.
  • Employment: FDI will also provide employment. Yesterday Government has allowed 100% FDI for telecom and single brand products like IKEA and Apple. Now as these foreigner companies are going to open their stores or service centers across India, they will provide employment. People are saying that they will kill retail (Kirana) shops in India. Let me put a question to them, “Are not there Big Bazar, Vishal Mega mart already in the market?” Yes ! They are. Still people who are running kirana shop and who sell vegetables have not any problem from them. Then how would Wall Mart posse problem to them?
  • Low price for high quality product: If competition increases it will certainly help the customers to get low price product. Products from IKEA are of very high quality. They make furniture and they keep low price also because they use steel instead of wood. Many such brands are there, who wants to enter India, and can offer low price products without compromising the quality.
  • Opportunity for farmers: Supply chain management of Wall Mart is known to be best among the industry. They take agricultural products directly from farmers, so middle agent. Farmers will get the right price directly from Wall Mart. And in few cases Wall Mart also invests money and help farmers to do and learn farming with new techniques which help in better production. Pepsico (Lays) is doing the same.
    I am supporting this point after watching this video.
  • Economic Development: As we can see, petrol price is hiking weekly and the rupee is falling. It has reached to all time low. Government is expecting FDI to approve soon. So that we can get foreign currency and it would help to strength our economic. If the product surplus the market, we can export finished goods to overseas. Why China host manufacturing plant for every electronics company? The reason is their low cost labor and support government for FDI. In same way, India can do. Though we export branded clothes, cars, bikes etc but no electronics goods. So it will help our economy to get stronger.

The decision to allow FDI won’t be seen effective just after launching it. We need to wait at least 5 years to see its effects. We are witnessing the effects of Globalization (1992). I am not saying that FDI is completely good for India. Every decision has its pros and cons. There are few setbacks also.
Like small manufacturing plants, handmade material and small scale industry will suffer a lot. Their products may not stand in the competitive world. Our currency will go to foreigner. As we buy more and more, we will start to depend to foreigner technology and products, which later can harm our economy.

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Deepesh Singh

Essay on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Retail Sector in India

Today I was reading CSR, and came across this topic. “Foreign Direct Investment in Retail- The Policy decision that has opened a paradox’s box”. So I too want to write something about FDI.

As we can get an idea that when a foreign company or investor , invest their money into our country, the term FDI comes into picture. Recently UPA government tried to bring some changes in FDI policy. Those were:


  • India will allow foreign groups to own up to 51% in “multi brand retailers”, as supermarkets are known in India, in most radical pro-liberalization reform passed by an Indian Cabinet in years.
  • Single brand retailers, such as Apple and IKEA, can own 100 % of their Indian stores, up from previous cap of 51%.
  • Both milt-brand and single brand stores in India must confine their operations to 53-odd cities with a population over one million, out of them 7,935 towns and cities in India, It is expected that these stores will now have full access to over 200 million urban consumers in India.
  • Single brand retailers must have a minimum investment of $100 million with at least half of the amount invested in back-end infrastructure, including cold chains, refrigeration, transportation, packing etc.

This policy was presented in Parliament on 24 Nov, 2011. The decision for foreign investment up to 51% was a sensational news at that time. Every man was talking about that. Actually before that, I too was not aware of that thing much. But reading news papers gave me some idea. Though I can’t decide whether it was good or bad, but I saw some politician supporting the government and few were opposing also. Like Akali Dal in Punjab welcomed this decision where BSP in UP openly opposed it. The supporters lauded the policy, but opposition parties warned government. So that was the political scenario.

At the time of BJP ruling government, they were also wanted to bring some kind of changes but opposition party ‘Congress’ opposed them. Not while ‘Congress’ has power, BJP is opposing the policy. But does this scene clear to a layman? The one who is buying vegetables, glossary, some daily use materials from local market and some kind of ‘HAT-BAZAR’? I think, the answer would be NO!

If we move out from our home, and walk through the street, we can a number of shops holding near by. Retailing is one of top businesses, that Indian do. And this is a like a pillar to our GDP. 15% of the total GDP comes from these grocery shops and retailers. It gives day meal to a number of people. India is considered to be the top 5 largest retailers in economic output. So these all things should be measured and analyzed by GOI before granting of permission to foreign investors.

Indian economic market can be divided into two categories- Organized and Unorganized. Organized are those who are having proper license and they pay show their all account to government. They pay proper tax and run their shops in a systematic manner. But we hardly find organized retailers in ruler or some small cities. Shops like mall, show room, big-bazaar, spencer come in this category. Apart from this, what is dominating our economy is ‘Unorganized retailer.’ In Indian market, they gie employment to more than 40 million people. These can be samll shops, groceries, one-man owner or betel shops. We can see most of them in open market, or in ruler ares. They are so small shops. They use to bargain their prices. They mostly don’t fixed their price. So they sell their product at any cost, however companies give a MRP (Maximum Retail Price). Ya ! I agree, they don’t maintain the standard. They lack in terms of health and quality. But for middle class people, who can’t afford mall or showroom, these unorganized shops are far better. Because something is better than nothing. These shops mostly pick up the product from farmers and sell them to some different market. So in this way a large amount is saved, which a branded retailer has to carry like income tax,service tax, transportation tax etc. So government is loosing a large amount of revenue in this way. But we should this think that, these organized retail shops give a large number of employments to our people.

According to Icier Report (2007), the retail business in India was estimated to grow at 13 percent from $322 billion in 2006-07 to $590 billion in 2011-12. But organized retail, make up to 10%. However in the present scenario, unorganized retailers do a business of 500 billion which is 90% of the total market.

Finally, I would like to say this government policy would ruin all our small markets. And competition will be among large players with deep pockets only. The foreign/ global companies would get a change to put their leg into our economy and they will dominate the market in every aspect. Very few people have welcomed this policy. Even one of the greatest Indian, Father of Green ‘Mr. M.S. Swaminathan’ has opposed this fact. and criticized the Government of India

The above article was written with the help of CSR January 2012 edition. I took this book as a reference.

Copyright © 2013 ·All Rights Reserved · Republishing or copying this article or any part of this without giving reference would come under WordPress Copyright Act.

If you liked this article, please rate and comment. Thank You!


Deepesh Singh